Partners Ballard Power Systems and Chart Industries performed relevant tests on fuel cells powered by liquid hydrogen. For the test, a Ballard FCmove-HD fuel cell was paired with a Chart non-gaseous onboard hydrogen (“HLH2”) vehicle fuel system. Such testing was conducted at Chart’s hydrogen test facility in Minnesota, USA.

Liquid hydrogen for fuel cells: the possible benefits

The demonstration confirms that heavy-duty vehicles powered by Ballard fuel cells will be able to employ Chart HLH2 vehicle fuel systems that utilize liquid hydrogen as a fuel. The latter has a significant space, weight and range advantage compared with gaseous hydrogen, allowing for up to double the range without space claim and payload impacts, and simplified fueling infrastructure for heavy-duty mobility applications, including class-8 trucks. This recent work builds upon Chart’s previous fill, hold, and vaporization testing of the Chart HLH2 vehicle fuel system, and long-established credentials in LNG service for vehicle fuel systems.

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Chart Industries is a primary independent global manufacturer of highly engineered equipment servicing multiple applications in the Energy and Industrial Gas markets. The company’s product portfolio is used in every phase of the liquid gas supply chain, including upfront engineering, service and repair. Chart and Ballard, which signed joint development MoU announced one year ago, will work to identify a potential demonstrator for liquid hydrogen road testing over the coming months.


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